The Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory (HRL) is a unique research facility for geological disposal. The purpose of the experiments performed can range from mapping the flow of water in the rock to the life of microbes (Sweden).
Andra's major research facility is the LSMHM Underground Research Laboratory sited at Bure district, aiming at studying the feasibility of the reversible geological disposal of high-level and long-lived intermediate-level radioactive waste in clay formations (France).
The aim of the exploration of the Gorleben salt dome was to obtain all the information and data necessary to assess the suitability of the salt dome as a potential final repository for all types of radioactive waste (Germany).
The Grimsel Test Site (GTS) in Switzerland, was established as a centre for underground Research and Development (R&D) supporting a wide range of research projects on the disposal of radioactive waste.
One element of the confirming site investigations conducted at Olkiluoto, Finland, is the excavation of the underground rock characterisation facility (ONKALO) that reached the final disposal depth (-420 m) in June 2010.
The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries, based in Paris, France.